Research, information, usage and dosage of essential oils in holistic animal care.
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- OrganizerJuly 30, 2023 at 3:28 pm
EVALUATION OF ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY OF CITRUS RETICULATA: IN VITRO AND ITS PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION
My note: this is mandarin orange.
Objective: The prevalence of worm infestation is high in underdeveloped and developing countries due to poor sanitation and lack of health education. Citrus reticulata, fruit belonging to citrus family Rutaceae is a common fruit native to Asia. Peels of the fruit are rich in limonene, a potent phytoconstituent having anthelmintic activity. However, proper utilization of peels has not been done as it is not consumed and is therefore discarded. The main objective of the study was to explore various phytoconstituents present in C. reticulata and its anthelmintic effect.
Methods: Various concentration of methanolic extract and volatile oil of C. reticulata were subjected for assessment of anthelmintic activity in earthworms. Time of paralysis and time of death were used as an evaluation parameter. Albendazole (25 mg/ml) was used as a standard drug.
Results: Phytochemical test revealed the presence of alkaloids, carbohydrates, tannins, flavonoids, terpenoids, and glycosides. Concentration- dependent anthelmintic effect was observed with the extract were 150 mg/ml concentration of methanolic extract showed paralysis of test worm (earthworm) at 5.76 minutes and death at 19.16 minutes, respectively.
Conclusion: C. reticulata peel has shown substantial anthelmintic activity using in vitro model on earthworms. Hence, further research is required to understand its mechanism of action using in vivo models to confirm its anthelmintic potential.
Keyword: Citrus reticulata, Anthelmintic activity, Phytochemical constituents, Pheretima phostuma.